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  What is blog?
In simple word blog is like your personal diary that you share online with others but there is much more than this.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This article is about the type of website. For other uses, see Blog (disambiguation).
This article is semi-protected.

A blog (a contraction of the term "web log") is a type of website, usually maintained by an individual with regular entries of commentary, descriptions of events, or other material such as graphics or video. Entries are commonly displayed in reverse-chronological order. "Blog" can also be used as a verb, meaning to maintain or add content to a blog.

Many blogs provide commentary or news on a particular subject; others function as more personal online diaries. A typical blog combines text, images, and links to other blogs, Web pages, and other media related to its topic. The ability of readers to leave comments in an interactive format is an important part of many blogs. Most blogs are primarily textual, although some focus on art (Art blog), photographs (photo blog), videos (Video blogging), music (MP3 blog), and audio (podcasting). Microblogging is another type of blogging, featuring very short posts.

As of December 2007, blog search engine Technorati was tracking more than 112,000,000 blogs.


There are many different types of blogs, differing not only in the type of content, but also in the way that content is delivered or written.

Personal blogs

The personal blog, an ongoing diary or commentary by an individual, is the traditional, most common blog. Personal bloggers usually take pride in their blog posts, even if their blog is never read. Blogs often become more than a way to just communicate; they become a way to reflect on life, or works of art. Blogging can have a sentimental quality. Few personal blogs rise to fame and the mainstream, but some personal blogs quickly garner an extensive following. One type of personal blog, referred to as a microblog, is extremely detailed and seeks to capture a moment in time. Some sites, such as Twitter, allow bloggers to share thoughts and feelings instantaneously with friends and family, and are much faster than emailing or writing.

Corporate and organizational blogs

A blog can be private, as in most cases, or it can be for business purposes. Blogs used internally to enhance the communication and culture in a corporation or externally for marketing, branding or public relations purposes are called corporate blogs. Similar blogs for clubs and societies are called club blogs, group blogs, or by similar names; typical use is to inform members and other interested parties of club and member activities.

By genre

Some blogs focus on a particular subject, such as political blogs, travel blogs (also known as travelogs), house blogs,fashion blogs, project blogs, education blogs, niche blogs, classical music blogs, quizzing blogs and legal blogs (often referred to as a blawgs) or dreamlogs. Two common types of genre blogs are art blogs and music blogs. A blog featuring discussions especially about home and family is not uncommonly called a mom blog.[5][6][7][8][9] While not a legitimate type of blog, one used for the sole purpose of spamming is known as a Splog.

By media type

A blog comprising videos is called a vlog, one comprising links is called a linklog, a site containing a portfolio of sketches is called a sketchblog or one comprising photos is called a photoblog. Blogs with shorter posts and mixed media types are called tumblelogs. Blogs that are written on typewriters and then scanned are called typecast or typecast blogs; see typecasting (blogging).

A rare type of blog hosted on the Gopher Protocol is known as a Phlog.

By device

Blogs can also be defined by which type of device is used to compose it. A blog written by a mobile device like a mobile phone or PDA could be called a moblog. One early blog was Wearable Wireless Webcam, an online shared diary of a person's personal life combining text, video, and pictures transmitted live from a wearable computer and EyeTap device to a web site. This practice of semi-automated blogging with live video together with text was referred to as sousveillance. Such journals have been used as evidence in legal matters.[citation needed]

   Community and cataloging

The Blogosphere

The collective community of all blogs is known as the blogosphere. Since all blogs are on the internet by definition, they may be seen as interconnected and socially networked, through blogrolls, comments, linkbacks (refbacks, trackbacks or pingbacks) and backlinks. Discussions "in the blogosphere" are occasionally used by the media as a gauge of public opinion on various issues. Because new, untapped communities of bloggers can emerge in the space of a few years, Internet marketers pay close attention to "trends in the blogosphere".

Blog search engines

    Several blog search engines are used to search blog contents, such as Bloglines, BlogScope, and Technorati. Technorati, which is among the most popular blog search engines, provides current information on both popular searches and tags used to categorize blog postings. The research community is working on going beyond simple keyword search, by inventing new ways to navigate through huge amounts of information present in the blogosphere, as demonstrated by projects like BlogScope.

Blogging communities and directories

    Several online communities exist that connect people to blogs and bloggers to other bloggers, including BlogCatalog and MyBlogLog. Interest-specific blogging platforms are also available. For instance, Blogster has a sizable community of political bloggers among its members.

Blogging and advertising

It is common for blogs to feature advertisements either to financially benefit the blogger or to promote the blogger's favorite causes. The popularity of blogs has also given rise to "fake blogs" in which a company will create a fictional blog as a marketing tool to promote a product.


Researchers have analyzed the dynamics of how blogs become popular. There are essentially two measures of this: popularity through citations, as well as popularity through affiliation (i.e. blogroll). The basic conclusion from studies of the structure of blogs is that while it takes time for a blog to become popular through blogrolls, permalinks can boost popularity more quickly, and are perhaps more indicative of popularity and authority than blogrolls, since they denote that people are actually reading the blog's content and deem it valuable or noteworthy in specific cases.

The blogdex project was launched by researchers in the MIT Media Lab to crawl the Web and gather data from thousands of blogs in order to investigate their social properties. It gathered this information for over 4 years, and autonomously tracked the most contagious information spreading in the blog community, ranking it by recency and popularity. It can therefore be considered the first instantiation of a memetracker. The project is no longer active, but a similar function is now served by tailrank.com.

Blogs are given rankings by Technorati based on the number of incoming links and Alexa Internet based on the Web hits of Alexa Toolbar users. In August 2006, Technorati found that the most linked-to blog on the internet was that of Chinese actress Xu Jinglei. Chinese media Xinhua reported that this blog received more than 50 million page views, claiming it to be the most popular blog in the world. Technorati rated Boing Boing to be the most-read group-written blog.
   Blurring with the mass media

Many bloggers, particularly those engaged in participatory journalism, differentiate themselves from the mainstream media, while others are members of that media working through a different channel. Some institutions see blogging as a means of "getting around the filter" and pushing messages directly to the public. Some critics worry that bloggers respect neither copyright nor the role of the mass media in presenting society with credible news. Bloggers and other contributors to user-generated content are behind Time magazine naming their 2006 person of the year as "you".

  Many mainstream journalists, meanwhile, write their own blogs — well over 300, according to CyberJournalist.net's J-blog list. The first known use of a blog on a news site was in August 1998, when Jonathan Dube of The Charlotte Observer published one chronicling Hurricane Bonnie.

       Some bloggers have moved over to other media. The following bloggers (and others) have appeared on radio and television: Duncan Black (known widely by his pseudonym, Atrios), Glenn Reynolds (Instapundit), Markos Moulitsas Zúniga (Daily Kos), Alex Steffen (Worldchanging) and Ana Marie Cox (Wonkette). In counterpoint, Hugh Hewitt exemplifies a mass-media personality who has moved in the other direction, adding to his reach in "old media" by being an influential blogger. Equally many established authors, for example Mitzi Szereto have started using Blogs to not only update fans on their current works but also to expand into new areas of writing.

Blogs have also had an influence on minority languages, bringing together scattered speakers and learners; this is particularly so with blogs in Gaelic languages. Minority language publishing (which may lack economic feasibility) can find its audience through inexpensive blogging.

There are many examples of bloggers who have published books based on their blogs, e.g., Salam Pax, Ellen Simonetti, Jessica Cutler, ScrappleFace. Blog-based books have been given the name blook. A prize for the best blog-based book was initiated in 2005,[20] the Lulu Blooker Prize.[21] However, success has been elusive offline, with many of these books not selling as well as their blogs. Only blogger Tucker Max made the New York Times Bestseller List. The book based on Julie Powell's blog "The Julie/Julia Project" was made into the film Julie & Julia, apparently the first to do so.

   Legal and social consequences

Blogging can result in a range of legal liabilities and other unforeseen consequences.

   Defamation or liability

Several cases have been brought before the national courts against bloggers concerning issues of defamation or liability. U.S. payouts related to blogging totaled $17.4 million by 2009; in some cases these have been covered by umbrella insurance. The courts have returned with mixed verdicts. Internet Service Providers (ISPs), in general, are immune from liability for information that originates with third parties (U.S. Communications Decency Act and the EU Directive 2000/31/EC).

In Doe v. Cahill, the Delaware Supreme Court held that stringent standards had to be met to unmask the anonymous posts of bloggers and also took the unusual step of dismissing the libel case itself (as unfounded under American libel law) rather than referring it back to the trial court for reconsideration.In a bizarre twist, the Cahills were able to obtain the identity of John Doe, who turned out to be the person they suspected: the town's mayor, Councilman Cahill's political rival. The Cahills amended their original complaint, and the mayor settled the case rather than going to trial.

       In January 2007, two prominent Malaysian political bloggers, Jeff Ooi and Ahiruddin Attan, were sued by pro-government newspaper, The New Straits Times Press (Malaysia) Berhad, Kalimullah bin Masheerul Hassan, Hishamuddin bin Aun and Brenden John a/l John Pereira over an alleged defamation. The plaintiff was supported by the Malaysian government. Following the suit, the Malaysian government proposed to "register" all bloggers in Malaysia in order to better control parties against their interest. This is the first such legal case against bloggers in the country.

In the United States, blogger Aaron Wall was sued by Traffic Power for defamation and publication of trade secrets in 2005. According to Wired Magazine, Traffic Power had been "banned from Google for allegedly rigging search engine results." Wall and other "white hat" search engine optimization consultants had exposed Traffic Power in what they claim was an effort to protect the public. The case was watched by many bloggers because it addressed the murky legal question of who is liable for comments posted on blogs.The case was dismissed for lack of personal jurisdiction, and Traffic Power failed to appeal within the allowed time.

       In 2009, a controversial and landmark decision by The Hon. Mr Justice Eady refused to grant an order to protect the anonymity of Richard Horton.

In 2009, NDTV issued a legal notice to Indian blogger Chetan Kunte for "abusive free speech" regarding a blog post criticizing their coverage of the Mumbai attacks.[35] The blogger unconditionally withdrew his post, replacing it with legal undertaking and an admission that his post had been "defamatory and untrue" which resulted in several Indian bloggers criticizing NDTV for trying to silence critics.

       Employees who blog about elements of their place of employment raise the issue of employee branding, since their activities can begin to affect the brand recognition of their employer. In general, attempts by employee bloggers to protect themselves by maintaining anonymity have proved ineffective.

Delta Air Lines fired flight attendant Ellen Simonetti because she posted photographs of herself in uniform on an airplane and because of comments posted on her blog "Queen of Sky: Diary of a Flight Attendant" which the employer deemed inappropriate. This case highlighted the issue of personal blogging and freedom of expression vs. employer rights and responsibilities, and so it received wide media attention. Simonetti took legal action against the airline for "wrongful termination, defamation of character and lost future wages". The suit was postponed while Delta was in bankruptcy proceedings (court docket).

       In early 2006, Erik Ringmar, a tenured senior lecturer at the London School of Economics, was ordered by the convenor of his department to "take down and destroy" his blog in which he discussed the quality of education at the school.

       Mark Cuban, owner of the Dallas Mavericks, was fined during the 2006 NBA playoffs for criticizing NBA officials on the court and in his blog.

Mark Jen was terminated in 2005 after 10 days of employment as an Assistant Product Manager at Google for discussing corporate secrets on his personal blog, then called 99zeros and hosted on the Google-owned Blogger service. He blogged about unreleased products and company finances a week before the company's earnings announcement. He was fired two days after he complied with his employer's request to remove the sensitive material from his blog.

       In India, blogger Gaurav Sabnis resigned from IBM after his posts exposing the false claims of a management school, IIPM, led to management of IIPM threatening to burn their IBM laptops as a sign of protest against him.

       Jessica Cutler, aka "The Washingtonienne", blogged about her sex life while employed as a congressional assistant. After the blog was discovered and she was fired, she wrote a novel based on her experiences and blog: The Washingtonienne: A Novel. Cutler is presently being sued by one of her former lovers in a case that could establish the extent to which bloggers are obligated to protect the privacy of their real life associates.

Catherine Sanderson, a.k.a. Petite Anglaise, lost her job in Paris at a British accountancy firm because of blogging. Although given in the blog in a fairly anonymous manner, some of the descriptions of the firm and some of its people were less than flattering. Sanderson later won a compensation claim case against the British firm, however.

       On the other hand, Penelope Trunk wrote an upbeat article in the Boston Globe back in 2006, entitled "Blogs 'essential' to a good career". She was one of the first journalists to point out that a large portion of bloggers are professionals and that a well-written blog can help attract employers.
   Political dangers

Blogging can sometimes have unforeseen consequences in politically sensitive areas. Blogs are much harder to control than broadcast or even print media. As a result, totalitarian and authoritarian regimes often seek to suppress blogs and/or to punish those who maintain them.

       In Singapore, two ethnic Chinese were imprisoned under the country’s anti-sedition law for posting anti-Muslim remarks in their blogs

Egyptian blogger Kareem Amer was charged with insulting the Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak and an Islamic institution through his blog. It is the first time in the history of Egypt that a blogger was prosecuted. After a brief trial session that took place in Alexandria, the blogger was found guilty and sentenced to prison terms of three years for insulting Islam and inciting sedition, and one year for insulting Mubarak.[51]

       Egyptian blogger Abdel Monem Mahmoud was arrested in April 2007 for anti-government writings in his blog. Monem is a member of the banned Muslim Brotherhood.

       After expressing opinions in his personal blog about the state of the Sudanese armed forces, Jan Pronk, United Nations Special Representative for the Sudan, was given three days notice to leave Sudan. The Sudanese army had demanded his deportation.

       In Myanmar, Nay Phone Latt, a blogger, was sentenced to 20 years in jail for posting a cartoon critical of head of state Than Shwe.
   Personal safety

 See also: Cyberstalking and Internet homicide

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One consequence of blogging is the possibility of attacks or threats against the blogger, sometimes without apparent reason. Kathy Sierra, author of the innocuous blog Creating Passionate Users, was the target of such vicious threats and misogynistic insults that she canceled her keynote speech at a technology conference in Ssan Diego, fearing for her safety. While a blogger's anonymity is often tenuous, Internet trolls who would attack a blogger with threats or insults can be emboldened by anonymity. Sierra and supporters initiated an online discussion aimed at countering abusive online behavior and developed a blogger's code of conduct.


Main article: History of blogging timeline
Main article: Online diary

The term "weblog" was coined by Jorn Barger on 17 December 1997. The short form, "blog," was coined by Peter Merholz, who jokingly broke the word weblog into the phrase we blog in the sidebar of his blog Peterme.com in April or May 1999. Shortly thereafter, Evan Williams at Pyra Labs used "blog" as both a noun and verb ("to blog," meaning "to edit one's weblog or to post to one's weblog") and devised the term "blogger" in connection with Pyra Labs' Blogger product, leading to the popularization of the terms.

       Before blogging became popular, digital communities took many forms, including Usenet, commercial online services such as GEnie, BiX and the early CompuServe, e-mail lists[63] and Bulletin Board Systems (BBS). In the 1990s, Internet forum software, created running conversations with "threads." Threads are topical connections between messages on a metaphorical "corkboard."

The modern blog evolved from the online diary, where people would keep a running account of their personal lives. Most such writers called themselves diarists, journalists, or journalers. Justin Hall, who began personal blogging in 1994 while a student at Swarthmore College, is generally recognized as one of the earliest bloggers,[64] as is Jerry Pournelle. Dave Winer's Scripting News is also credited with being one of the oldest and longest running weblogs.[65][66] Another early blog was Wearable Wireless Webcam, an online shared diary of a person's personal life combining text, video, and pictures transmitted live from a wearable computer and EyeTap device to a web site in 1994. This practice of semi-automated blogging with live video together with text was referred to as sousveillance, and such journals were also used as evidence in legal matters.

       Early blogs were simply manually updated components of common Web sites. However, the evolution of tools to facilitate the production and maintenance of Web articles posted in reverse chronological order made the publishing process feasible to a much larger, less technical, population. Ultimately, this resulted in the distinct class of online publishing that produces blogs we recognize today. For instance, the use of some sort of browser-based software is now a typical aspect of "blogging". Blogs can be hosted by dedicated blog hosting services, or they can be run using blog software, or on regular web hosting services.
   Rise in popularity

After a slow start, blogging rapidly gained in popularity. Blog usage spread during 1999 and the years following, being further popularized by the near-simultaneous arrival of the first hosted blog tools:

    * Bruce Ableson launched Open Diary in October 1998, which soon grew to thousands of online diaries. Open Diary innovated the reader comment, becoming the first blog community where readers could add comments to other writers' blog entries.
    * Brad Fitzpatrick started LiveJournal in March 1999.
    * Andrew Smales created Pitas.com in July 1999 as an easier alternative to maintaining a "news page" on a Web site, followed by Diaryland in September 1999, focusing more on a personal diary community.
    * Evan Williams and Meg Hourihan (Pyra Labs) launched blogger.com in August 1999 (purchased by Google in February 2003)

   Political impact

    See also: Political blog

Since 2002, blogs have gained increasing notice and coverage for their role in breaking, shaping, and spinning news stories. For the first time in the history of modern journalism, the financial and political goals of U.S.-Israeli relations are being analyzed in depth. The Iraq war saw bloggers taking measured and passionate points of view that go beyond the traditional left-right divide of the political spectrum.

       An early milestone in the rise in importance of blogs came in 2002, when many bloggers focused on comments by U.S. Senate Majority          Leader Trent Lott.[68] Senator Lott, at a party honoring U.S. Senator Strom Thurmond, praised Senator Thurmond by suggesting that the United States would have been better off had Thurmond been elected president. Lott's critics saw these comments as a tacit approval of racial segregation, a policy advocated by Thurmond's 1948 presidential campaign. This view was reinforced by documents and recorded interviews dug up by bloggers. (See Josh Marshall's Talking Points Memo.) Though Lott's comments were made at a public event attended by the media, no major media organizations reported on his controversial comments until after blogs broke the story. Blogging helped to create a political crisis that forced Lott to step down as majority leader.

  Similarly, blogs were among the driving forces behind the "Rathergate" scandal. To wit: (television journalist) Dan Rather presented documents (on the CBS show 60 Minutes) that conflicted with accepted accounts of President Bush's military service record. Bloggers declared the documents to be forgeries and presented evidence and arguments in support of that view. Consequently, CBS apologized for what it said were inadequate reporting techniques (see Little Green Footballs). Many bloggers view this scandal as the advent of blogs' acceptance by the mass media, both as a news source and opinion and as means of applying political pressure.

       The impact of these stories gave greater credibility to blogs as a medium of news dissemination. Though often seen as partisan gossips, bloggers sometimes lead the way in bringing key information to public light, with mainstream media having to follow their lead. More often, however, news blogs tend to react to material already published by the mainstream media. Meanwhile, an increasing number of experts blogged, making blogs a source of in-depth analysis. (See Daniel Drezner, J. Bradford DeLong or Brad Setser.)
   Mainstream popularity

By 2004, the role of blogs became increasingly mainstream, as political consultants, news services, and candidates began using them as tools for outreach and opinion forming. Blogging was established by politicians and political candidates to express opinions on war and other issues and cemented blogs' role as a news source. (See Howard Dean and Wesley Clark.) Even politicians not actively campaigning, such as the UK's Labour Party's MP Tom Watson, began to blog to bond with constituents.

       In January 2005, Fortune magazine listed eight bloggers that business people "could not ignore": Peter Rojas, Xeni Jardin, Ben Trott, Mena Trott, Jonathan Schwartz, Jason Goldman, Robert Scoble, and Jason Calacanis.

Israel's was among the first national governments to set up an official blog. Under David Saranga, the Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs became active in adopting Web 2.0 initiatives, including an official video blog and a political blog. The Foreign Ministry also held a microblogging press conference via Twitter about its war with Hamas, with Saranga answering questions from the public in common text-messaging abbreviations during a live worldwide press conference. The questions and answers were later posted on IsraelPolitik, the country's official political blog.

       The impact of blogging upon the mainstream media has also been acknowledged by governments. In 2009, the presence of the American journalism industry had declined to the point that several newspaper corporations were filing for bankruptcy, resulting in less direct competition between newspapers within the same circulation area. Discussion emerged as to whether the newspaper industry would benefit from a stimulus package by the federal government. President Barack Obama acknowledged the emerging influence of blogging upon society by saying "if the direction of the news is all blogosphere, all opinions, with no serious fact-checking, no serious attempts to put stories in context, that what you will end up getting is people shouting at each other across the void but not a lot of mutual understanding”.

 Blog award
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A Blog award is an award for the best blog in a given category. Some blog awards are based on a public vote and others are based on a fixed set of criteria applied by a panel of judges.

       Various organizations have started blog awards with varying degrees of success. Some have become defunct.

       Like usual film or television awarding committees, blog awards are started by a certain body, usually composed of blog enthusiasts. Since blogging is an Internet activity, most of the process are done online.

      Nominees are usually accepted from anyone in the Internet given the one who nominates adhere to given policies and procedures. The nominated websites, varying from independent servers to provider hosted are scanned by a selected team of judges.

The filtered nominees are then announced online or by other means such as newspaper or radio stations. Other bloggers or Internet users are given the opportunity to vote for several categories such as Best Single Post, Best Blog Site, Best Design, and others. The winners are announced in a ceremonial night usually held in large venues and online.

       There are also blog awards initiated by small groups of bloggers in certain locations. The nomination and selection process is usually the same with major awarding bodies but the awarding is usually less extravagant.
   Major awards

       Among the major blog awards are The Weblog Awards (Bloggies) , and the BOBs (Best of Blogs). The bestower of the BOBs, the German broadcaster Deutsche Welle, describes their awards as "the world’s largest international blog competition". Awarded since 2004, the BOBs are selected by an "international jury of independent journalists, media experts and blog experts".

       The The Weblog Awards (Wizbang), have been canceled for 2010.

  Minor awards

In 2007, the Greek Blog Awards were determined by public vote. Awards were given to 12 blogs in different categories.

      Some blog awards are specific to a particular topic such as The Photobloggies, others to a specific region like the Search Maryland Top Blog Awards.

       There's also blog awards targeted to people of various nationalities. Indibloggies, started in 2003, is targeted at Indian Blogs. The Philippine Blog Awards is now on its third year (2009) which recognizes Filipino blogging talent around the world.

       Another Philippine award honoring the best and inspiring Filipino Expatriates and Overseas Filipino Worker's blogs and bloggers around the world is the Pinoy Expats/OFW Blog Awards or PEBA

       Another series of awards given to legal blogs are the Attorney.org Legal Blog Awards. The nominees are broken down into categories such as Environmental and Land Use Law Blogs, Criminal Law Blogs, Tax Law Blogs, and Divorce Law Blogs to name a few. They also choose the National Top 100 which is a compilation of the Top 100 blogs, regardless of category.

   Defunct awards

The UK newspaper The Guardian ran a Best British Blog competition in 2002 and another in 2003, but then stopped because of limited enthusiasm from the UK blogging community and a few public boycotts.

   Blog software
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Weblog software (also called blogging software or blogware) is software designed to simplify the creation and maintenance of weblogs. As specialized content management systems, weblog applications support the authoring, editing, and publishing of blog posts and comments, with special functions for image management, web syndication, and moderation of posts and comments.

   Server models

Many weblog applications can be downloaded and installed on user systems. Some of them are provided under a free-software or open-source licenses, allowing them to be used, modified, and redistributed freely. Others are proprietary software which must be licensed.

       Other weblog applications are offered only through their developers' hosts, either free of charge or for a fee. Services are typically limited to hosting of the blog itself, but some services offer the option of using the hosted software to update a blog published elsewhere.


Maintenance through the Internet is a nearly universal feature of weblog software. This is usually done through a browser-based interface, enabling authors to create and update content on the site. Most software also supports the use of external client software to update content using common APIs such as the MetaWeblog API and the Atom Publishing Protocol. Third party developers have created many such clients, allowing bloggers to publish entries using desktop software rather than the web-based interface. The WordPress website has an extensive list of clients that support most APIs (not just WordPress). Examples include ecto and MarsEdit.

List of Blogging Clients

Post and comment management

   All weblog software supports authoring, editing, and publishing of entries in the following format.

    * Title, the main title, or headline, of the post.
    * Body, main content of the post.
    * Permalink, the URL of the full, individual article.
    * Post Date, date and time the post was published.

   Blog entries can optionally include the following:

Comments – Comments allow readers to discuss blog entries, correcting errors or otherwise expressing their opinions on the post or the post's subject.
    * Categories (or tags) – indexes to subjects discussed by the entry
    * Trackback and or pingback – links to other sites that refer to the entry

   Other features

Most weblog applications also have various linking and web syndication features. Web syndication is usually offered in the form of RSS or Atom. This allows other software (such as feed aggregators) to maintain a current summary of the blog's content. Some services and organizations also offer extended features to aid communication, such as the wiki capabilities in Socialtext and Traction TeamPage.

       Most weblog applications support English and many other languages. The user selects a language during installation.

       Post moderation requires users to register before commenting, or requires individual posts or comments to be approved by a moderator or administrator before they appear in the blog. Weblog applications use various user account systems that allow readers to post comments to a particular blog. For instance, users with Blogger accounts may comment on any Blogger blog. Other weblog applications allow users to post content or comments only to blogs where they have an account.

The posting API varies among different weblog applications. The typical interface is a form to be filled out online, with a varying number of fields. Applications such as Movable Type offer a greater number of form fields and choices than applications such as Blogger. Some applications also have plugins for Firefox that integrate into the browser's menus so that right clicking on selected text on any given web page brings up a small window that allows the user to post directly to their blog.

       Most types of blogware support adding thumbnail images within blog posts. Photo blogging is a separate genre of blogging that deals primarily with images.

   A partial list of notable weblog software follows:

   User hosted platforms

   Software packages installed by weblog authors to run on their own servers.

   Free and open source software

These software packages are offered as free and open source software:

    * Pebble (Java-based)
    * Apache Roller (Java-based)
    * b2evolution (PHP/MySQL)
    * blosxom (Perl)
    * Dotclear (PHP)
    * DotNetNuke (VB.NET/ASP.NET)
    * Drupal (PHP)
    * Elgg (PHP)
    * Frog CMS (PHP)
    * Habari (PHP)
    * Jaws (PHP)
    * Joomla! (PHP)
    * LifeType (PHP)
    * Livejournal (Perl)
    * Movable Type (Perl)
    * Nucleus CMS (PHP)
    * PivotX (PHP)
    * Sandbox (PHP)
    * Serendipity (PHP)
    * Slash (Perl)
    * Subtext (C#/ASP.NET)
    * Textpattern (PHP/MySQL)
    * Thingamablog (Static web page, no need for CGI, PHP or MySQL)
    * Typo (Ruby on Rails)
    * WordPress (PHP)

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  Proprietary software

hese packages are under a proprietary software license. They may require the purchase of a license key to use them. The specific licensing terms vary but some are free of charge for personal or non-commercial use.

    * Telligent Community
    * ExpressionEngine
    * Traction TeamPage
    * Windows Live Writer
    * IBM Lotus Connections
    * IBM Lotus Quickr

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 Developer-hosted platforms

   Software services operated by the developer, requiring no software installation by the weblog author:

    * doomby
    * Gandi
    * Posterous
    * LiveJournal
    * Maneno
    * Moxietype
    * MySpace
    * Open Diary
    * Skyrock
    * Tumblr
    * TypePad
    * Vox
    * weBlog.com
    * Windows Live Spaces
    * Wordpress.com
    * Xanga
    * servertoday.com

 Software used for top 20 blogs

The top blogs as ranked by Technorati use a mixture between third party software such as Wordpress and that developed and maintained primarily by internal engineers, such as the system used by Gizmodo.


Blog Software
1 The Huffington Post Movable Type
2 Gizmodo Gawker bespoke software[2]
3 TechCrunch Wordpress
4 TMZ.com Unknown
4 Engadget Unknown
6 Mashable Wordpress
7 The Corner Same CMS as National Review
8 Boing Boing Movable Type
9 Hot Air Wordpress
9 Gawker Gawker bespoke software[3]
11 Think Progress Wordpress
12 The Daily Dish Typepad
13 The Daily Beast
13 Newsbusters Unknown
15 CNN Political Ticker Unknown
16 Ezra Klein at Washington Post Unknown
16 Breitbart.tv Unknown
18 Big Government Wordpress
19 ReadWriteWeb Moveable Type
20 Matthew Yglesias Wordpress
20 Film Wordpress

 See also

Comparison of content management systems
    * Blog search engines
    * Blogskin
    * BROG - (We)blog Research on Genre project
    * Citizen journalism
    * Collaborative blog
    * Customer engagement
    * Dream blog
    * Edublog
    * Home and family blog
    * Interactive journalism
    * List of blogging terms
    * List of blogs
    * List of social networking websites
    * Massively distributed collaboration
    * Microblogs
    * Sideblog
    * Social blogging
    * User-generated content
    * Webmaster

  (If you want to know about each software described above please insert your comment in the Guest Book and if you would like to discuss blogging and free traffic and free advertising resources with like minded people then please join the forum. Both links are at  the bottom of the page on each page)

    Blog Definition

A frequent, chronological publication of personal thoughts and Web links.

  In this section we are going to see how a blog can be useful for your business or in other how you can use the blogs to promote your site and your business. You can use this widely popular medium for promoting your business two ways.

1.Start your own blog and promote your site through your business.
2. You can take advantage of existing blogs by posting your comments on them and building backlinks to your site.


Generally blog is a mixture of someone's personal life as well as what is going on on the web. A kind of hybrid diary type site. There are many types of different blogs as there are  many different type of people.

People maintained blogs long before the term was come into existance. When professional services like blogger and wordpress introduced to general public as  free to use service,the blog gain popularity among general public before that it was used by professionals and journalists only. Another reasons for popularity of the blogs are these  services are free to use and the publishing of a blog has been automated and made extremely easy by these services. Now-a-days many more such service have come into existence and any one can start his or her blog without spending any money and as easily as typing on a paper.

Blog is concise name for   web log or weblog.

What Is Blogging?

 Blogging is around for many years but recently become quite popular among general public. A Blog is precise form of Web Log and is basically an online journal or diary. Anyone can set up a blog either with a very little cost or with absolutely no cost at all. A blog can be used for different purpos. Some blogger publish blogs for fun and some publish to promote their business.

 A blog can be use for.....

1) Updates Keep customers/clients up to date on changes to your website.
 2) Provide information about new product announcement and new related websites
 3) For reviewing a site or product
 4) To keep track of your personal goals and plans
 5) To keep track of your company's goals and plans.
 6) As a stress Reliever Jot down your vents, gripes, thoughts. Some also find general writing therapeutic.
 7) For Search Engine Marketing
 8) To make money with adsense & affiliate programs
 9) To promote your site with content marketing
10) To promote your site through blog directories
11) To promote your site through RSS
12) To provide interactive site to your visitors.

  and many more..........

How can you start your own blog

1) Using a free service such as Blogger
  2) Using Blogger with your own domain name
  3) WordPress free service
  4) Installing wordpress on your own domain
  5) Paid services such as Blog it

These are just a few popular example and now-a-days many more free services are available.

 How can you promote your blog

1) Submit your blog to blog directories
  2) Link Exchange Place links on your website to your blog and visa versa.
  3) exchange links with relevant blogs.
  4) Write article about your blog
  5) Write article about others blog and supply free content
  6) Banner Ads
  7) SEO & SES
  8) Through RSS 
       etc etc

You can allow your visitor to post comment on your blog. Most services have these features and can be a great tool to keep your blog interactive between you and your readers. It's difficult keep in touch with your readers/visitors/customers/clients because of all theses spam filters. Blogs can be used for this communication purpose. A customer can subscribed to RSS feeds and receive automatic updates to his or her RSS reader.

  What should you post on your Blog

This is the 1st question comes in the mind of a person thinking to start a blog. If you are new to this medium and don't know what to post on your blog then I suggest you to visit some blogs run by other bloggers and you will get idea about posting. You can get the idea about a topic from other blog's content but do not copy the content itself. There are many many topics and subjects about which you can write on your blog. Generally choose the subject of your interest so you have some knowledge and considerable interest and that will make your writing easy.

The blog related to media are the most popular ones and perhaps remain the most popular ones in future. Whenever some event occurs the search engines are flooded with searches regarding that particular event because people are curious to know what happened and why happened. If you run a media related blog  and has good quality content then your blog will be picked up quickly by search engines but downside of running this type of blog is you have to be in time to post important events regularly and keep a hawk's eye on media news. There is a positive side of this blog is you will find content and topics from news paper and television channels. Most media companies and news papers run their on blog because the demand for news paper is decreased and to reach masses net is the easy and affordable solution. Journalists and reporters run his or her personal blog because it makes them able to communicate with readers.

 Another good subjects to start a blog are political issues, health issues and community issues which are very important to people. people are became sensitive about their health so most people want to know about general health issues and other thing that can affect their health. Some people are very interested in politics and they have their own opinion about every situation. They want a platform to talked about their opinions and a blog related to political issue is the best place as they can post their views and opinions about current topics. Again as a political blogger you have to remain updated about the politics. There are so many community issues and so there are lots of to start a blog related to particular topics. Community issues can be related to jobs, businesses or regulations and laws.
In my opinion you should start a blog about something you really like and enjoy. Naturally you have knowledge about the topics because you liked them .Most important thing is you liking and enjoying what you write and this motivate you to carry on your writing. Some people start blogging about something they do not like at all and they find it hard to continue blogging and in the end gave up. Why they have started a blog about a subject which they themselves don't like?Because they believe a blog should be on a popular topic to make it successful but believe me it is a wrong belief. More you like the subject, more you understand it and more you can write about the subject.

Start Blogging  Why ?

Why anyone start blogging?Because blogging allows one to express themselves in a manner they find fit. The people interested in writing about day to day life can start a personal blog and can write about what is going on their life. There are thousand of personal blogs where blogger s write about their personal life. It is like a personal diary or journal which a blogger share it with his or her. Moreover you can express your opinion about anything and share that with your readers and most important aspect of blogging is blog readers can post their on comment and participate and interact with the content instead of just plain reading which keep them interested. Blogging is the simplest and easiest way to publish your work and moreover it is free and inter active so the reader can participate. You do not require any html or coding knowledge to start a blog like a website requires. Blogging is time saver unlike a website you can write your post an publish it on your blog entire process takes only 5 minutes. Blogger and WordPress like free services have made it possible for anyone.

 I f you are operating a business or selling products,your blog can be used to bring more revenue and sales with different ways. You can write reviews about your products and your readers can comment about their own views and by posting reply to comment you can make them more educated about your products. Your sales letter has a limitation of format and limitation of room but on your blog you can provide detailed information about your products. More ever you receive feed back from your customers through comment so you can modified or add new features to your product and make them more useful for them. Search engines like fresh content and blog is the medium where new content added regularly so  blogs have a higher chance of ranking in search engines than a static website.

 Marketing & Blog

 There are many ways you can use your blog as a marketing platform.

-Provide more information about your products
 -Educate existing customers about particular features
 -Use your blog for SEO & SES purpose
 -Promote your site via your blog
 -link Exchange with relevant blogs
 -submitting blog to blog directories
 -RSS feed submission
 -RSS subscribers
 -Receive feed back from readers about your products

    7 Beginner’s Blogging Tips

Tip - 1  Blog about something you like and enjoy

 Tip - 2   Get Your Own Domain Name

    You can start blogging w it free service like Blogger  and WordPrees but with your own domain name,blog will seem more professional. If you want to generate revenue through selling ad space on your blog then this is must as many ad networks do not accept blogs with sub domains.

 Tip - 3  Useful Information
  Provide useful and lattes information

 Tip - 4   Update The Blog
 Update your blog frequently,if possible regularly and ideally everyday. If you don't update your blog often enough, your blog readers will
move on to other blogs. There are too many blogs out there competing for attention. Blog readers will go where they can get enough of what they want.

 Tip - 5 Comments
  Read comments posted on your blog and post relevant replys

 Tip - 6  Your Readers

 Develop good relationship with your readers

 Tip - 7  Multiple Sources

  If you want to make good money from your blogging don't rely on a single source of income.Instead rely on multiple source.e.g.
 -Google Adsense
 -Your Own Products
 -Products related to blogging

 Blogs to Increase Traffic

 1. To increase traffic your blog should have relevant content

 2. By relevant content I mean content written with a distinct audience in mind.

 3. SEO & SES

     Think relevant keywords when you post. Search engines, like Google and Yahoo, like keywords. The
more targeted your keywords, the better  the chances of your blog ranking high in search results and free traffic for your blog. To empathize the value of the key words in your content, make hot links with targeted keywords or make the targeted keywords part of hot links.

 4. Use tagging

     Link your content with  appropriate tags.This helps further the search engines and specially a major resource for blog traffic,Technorati.

5. Submit your blog to blog directories
     When you submit your blog to these directories, remember to add a clear description that will attract your targeted audience to check your blog out

 6.Build good relationship with your readers and you will receive positive mouth publicity

 7. Search engine love fresh content so to attract search engine spider regularly post new content

 8. Use Pinging :When you post new content ping all search engines and other relevant directories. You can use service like        : pingomatic.com

 9. Submit RSS feeds to RSS directories.

10. Add podcasts  to your own blog and submit podcast to podcast directories

11. Add video cast to blog and videos to other video sharing sites

12. Create a squedo Lense about your blog

13. Write and submit articles about your blog

14. Use social book marking sites yourself & provide your readers mens to add your blog to sicial book marking sites

15. Exchange links with similar blogs

16. Post comment on relevant blogs.

      Participate in the blogosphere actively. Visit blogs relevant to your blog. Lleave thoughtful comments. Comments will allow you to post your blog URL and your email address. If your blog liked by other relevant bloggers,they will ad your blog url to their blogroll. Blogroll is listing of other blogs and you should do the same with adding other blog's url in your blogroll which is useful for your readers. let other bloggers know that you added them.

17. Use social networking sites

18.Use twitter

19. Add your blog URL in e-mail signature

20. Use forums

21. Put your blog URL on your visiting card

22. Use special traffic exchange sites like........ blogexplosion, blogazoo and blogclicker.Works like normal manual traffic exchange sites.

  [] Now as I said before you can use the blogging with different ways to promote and expand your business or website. Mainly are....

1)  Start your own Blog and get SEO advantage and maintain relationship with customers by updating about your site.
  (2)  There are many place on the net where you can not submit site but can submit your blog so more free traffic and free advertising.
  (3)  You can start networking with similar popular blogs in your niche.
  (4)  Post comment or write a guest post on high rank blogging,SEO advantage + Free traffic and free advertising
  (5)  Monetize your blog and make money.

These should be main goals of any person using blogs.On the next page I have written about these each goal and listed the free resources sites and free tools which you can use and easily fulfill your goals.I have included 180 + free services with which you can start your own blog at zero cost. I have included the blog directories where you can submit your blog. I have included online service and free tools with which you can easily find most popular,high PR ranked similar blogs in your niche and start networking with similar bloggers. I have included some high PR rank do follow blogs where you can post your comment and also included free tools with which you can find do follow blogs in your niche whenever you want. I have included more then enough free resources to monetize your blog and increase the revenue and value of your blog.

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